The sights of Rome are real works of art. In the Italian capital, like nowhere else, there is a magnificent collection of architectural monuments that everyone wants to see. This material is a description of the sights of Rome, a short guide for independent travel.
How to get to Rome from Fiumicino Airport can be found here .
Map of Rome
Bestt 15 in 1-2 days
First of all, I will highlight the best sights of Rome. They are very famous and are a symbol of all of Italy, and not just its main city. So what to see in Rome in 1 day?
The first thing that comes to mind after the words “Rome, city, sights” is the Colosseum. A beautiful amphitheater, which could accommodate up to 50 thousand spectators, began to be built back in 72 BC, and completed in 8 years. It is considered a grandiose ancient building. It is geographically located in a hollow between three Roman hills – Tselievsky, Esquilinsky, Palatinsky. Intended for gladiatorial battles, later used for theatrical and musical performances.
The architecture of the Colosseum is very complex, and how the ancient Romans managed to build this is completely surprising. On the map, the structure looks like a circle. The outer walls were made of marble, they reached a height of 48-50 m. The central arena had the following dimensions: 86 m long and 54 m wide. The thickness of the foundation is 13 m. Today, the attraction is not as magnificent as it was. According to statistics, it has lost almost two-thirds of its original volume. And by the way, the architecture of the Colosseum is still used in the construction of stadiums.
Attraction opens daily at 8:30. Closing takes place one hour before sunset (16: 30-19: 00, depending on the season).
A single ticket to visit the Coliseum, the Roman Forum and the Palatine costs € 12, when buying online + 2 euros per booking. It takes two days to catch sight of these three main sights of Rome.
The lineup to the Colosseum is almost always colossal, so it’s better to know some tricks, because you have something else to see in Rome yourself, except for the line at the Colosseum box office. If your time in Rome is limited (you arrived just a couple of days, or decided to take a walk around the city during a long connection), it is better to buy a ticket in advance – you just need to choose the day and time of the visit, and pay for tickets online. Confirmation of the reservation will be sent to you by mail. In the high season, there are some problems with buying tickets even online through agents, for example, a regular ticket on tiqets.com is generally impossible to buy, and the so-called last minute ticket ( from 26 euros) can be bought only 4 days in advance.
If it is not possible to buy online or you are a supporter of classical traditions and prefer to buy a ticket at the ticket office, then it is better to buy a ticket at the box office of the Forum (a ticket to visit the Coliseum, the Forum and the Palatine is single and valid for 2 days), and better in the evening. In the evening, visit the Roman Forum and the Palatine, and in the morning come to the opening of the Colosseum and use your existing ticket to enter.
On my second visit to the Eternal City, the question “ What to see in Rome on your own ” did not stand. Any tourist who comes to Rome, and at least a little interested in the history of this city, should visit the Coliseum at least once in his life. The appearance of the Coliseum causes a storm of emotions, but, being inside, walking on stones that remember gladiator sandals, touching stones that are more than 2000 years old, emotions go off scale, and, probably, at this moment you understand why Rome is called the Eternal City. My advice to you, do not limit yourself to visiting the Coliseum only from the outside, be sure to try to get inside.
The main attractions of Rome include the central city square with buildings adjacent to it. This is the Roman Forum. In ancient times, this place was originally a market. Then they began to hold public meetings, and the need arose to build houses, temples, arches, basilicas, etc. The territory of the complex expanded to 500 m². It is hard to say how many buildings there were in total. Of course, most of the monuments died under the influence of time and circumstances, but to come here is definitely worth it. The Roman Forum is next to the Coliseum. Exact address: Via Della Salara Vecchia 5/6. Schedule: from 08:30 to 17:00 or 17:30 (depending on the time of year).
Rome is a city on seven hills. So Palatine is the central of these hills. Its height is 40 m. It was at this place that the she-wolf fed Romulus and Remus. The founder of the Great Roman Empire, Augustus, turned Palatine into his residence. Palaces and temples were erected here. Excavations are still ongoing. To visit the hill, I advise you to wear comfortable shoes, take water and a camera with you. Let me remind you of a single ticket for the three main attractions of Rome.
Arch of Constantine
The Triumphal Arch, 21 meters high, is located between the Coliseum and Palatine. It was erected in 315 in honor of the victory of the Roman emperor Constantine I over the usurper Mark Maxentius during the civil war. By the way, the only arch in Rome, built on this occasion. Typically, such monuments were erected after defeating an external enemy. The width of the arch is almost 26 m. Depth – 7 m. Made of marble blocks. It includes three through spans, the highest of which is the central one. Everything is covered with bas-reliefs. At the bottom of the arch are medallions. They depict scenes of hunting and sacrifice. Really bright and completely free attraction.
St. Peter’s Square and Cathedral
First, St. Peter’s Basilica was erected – the largest Christian church in the whole world. Architects, and there were more than 10, adhered to two styles – Baroque and Renaissance. Inside can fit above 15 thousand believers. Another 60 thousand – on the eponymous square, which is located in front of the cathedral. The facade of the church reaches a height of 48 m. It is decorated with huge (5.5 m in height) statues of Jesus Christ and 11 apostles, except Peter. Inside the cathedral is luxurious and spacious: many arches, statues, altars. The total length of the main room is 211 m. Entrance to the cathedral is free. But at the entrance you will find security control, like at the airport. Therefore, in line you can spend a couple of hours or more. Opening hours: 7: 00-18: 30. If you want to go up to the dome and explore the surroundings, get ready to pay € 8 (you have to walk 551 steps) or € 10 (lift by elevator to the terrace +320 steps up).here .
The Sistine Chapel
The former Vatican house church was built in the middle of the 15th century. Today it is used as a museum. The conclave is also held here – the election of a new pope. When the choice is made, white smoke is released over the chapel. This is the absolute TOP sights of Rome, a magnificent example of Renaissance architecture. The walls of the chapel were decorated with Botticelli, Michelangelo, Domenico Ghirlandaio and other famous artists. Conventionally, all the frescoes are divided into two types – the stories of Christ (this is the northern part of the chapel) and the stories of Moses (the southern side). They were restored several times, the last one took place in 1994. Frescoes are the main part of the collection, which you can see here.
The Sistine Chapel is included in the list of Vatican museums for which a single ticket is valid – from € 17. There are always long lines to visit these attractions, I recommend buying tickets in advance online, even with a small overpayment. On the official website you can buy a ticket for 17 euros + 4 euros for a reservation (a very small choice of dates and times) or via tiqets.com – here you can buy a regular ticket for 29.70 euros (there is even time “for today”) or here last minute ticket for 33 euros.
The order to found the complex was given by Pope Julius II in the first half of the 16th century. Vatican Museums include the Vatican Pinakothek (art gallery), sculpture museums, the History Museum and, in fact, the Sistine Chapel. More than 6 million tourists visit them annually. Museums are scattered throughout the Vatican to see all the exhibits, not a week is enough. I advise you to consider the route of independent travel. It is difficult to single out one of these architectural monuments, each of them is special. The ticket, as already mentioned, is the same for museums and chapels. Come every day, except Sunday, from 9:30 to 18:00.
If you have limited time in the Vatican, then postpone your visit to museums next time. In the meantime, just enjoy the view of the square, and … sign postcards. By the way, it is cheaper to buy postcards on the way to the Vatican in Chinese shops (yes, yes, as well as around the world, it is cheaper to buy souvenirs (if they are not unique, of course) in Chinese shops), but if you do not have time, then buy them right at the Vatican City Post with stamps. According to my recollections, in 2009 the Vatican post office was a small souvenir-type store, but in 2015 I was surprised that the Vatican post office is a small gray van right on the square.
Sign postcards to your loved ones, stick stamps and drop them in a drawer. By the way, many Romans send their mail precisely by the Vatican, because Italian is not considered as reliable. Well, if you left the Vatican without sending a postcard, then leave it to yourself, because Vatican stamps are valid only in the territory of this state, and this card will not leave the territory of Italy.
The beautiful square, one of the Best 10 sights of Rome, was erected by order of Guy Julius Caesar. The architectural style is baroque. On the map it looks like an elongated rectangle. The name comes from ancient competitions – agon. In ancient times, they were constantly held here. Since the XV century, the square has served as the main urban market. Later, equestrian competitions and carnival processions were organized on it. Today, you can see two magnificent monuments of architecture – the fountain of the Four Rivers and the Church of St. Agnes.
Fountain of the Four Rivers (Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi)
According to many historians, this is one of the best architectural works of the incomparable Giovanni Bernini. Established – 1640 The architect’s idea is simple, but n less magnificent. The fountain is a huge marble bath, in the center of which are sculptures of the gods of four rivers. This is the Nile, Danube, Ganges, La Plata. Seven powerful animals complement the gods (horse, lion, dolphin, land and water snake, crocodile, dragon) and one dove crowning the obelisk. Bernini wanted in one project to reproduce all the components of nature – powerful higher creatures, animals, birds, a magnificent landscape.
Piazza del Popolo
Translated from Italian – “People’s Square.” On the map it looks like an oval. Dimensions: 100 * 165 m. The landmark owes its modern look to the architect Giuseppe Valadier. There used to be public executions. In the center of the square today stands an Egyptian obelisk, fountains of Neptune and Roma. Nearby are shops, cafes, night and hotel complexes. Car traffic is prohibited.
Santa Maria del Popolo
The main church of the Order of the Augustinians is located in the capital of Italy. Built in the middle of the XV century in the architectural style of the Renaissance. The same talented Bernini worked on the interior. Of particular interest are the Chigi and Cherazi Chapels. The walls of the first chapel were painted by Raphael, paintings by Sebastiano del Piombo hang near the altar. The second chapel, Cherazi, was painted by Carracci and Caravaggio. Come and enjoy all this splendor daily from 7:30 to 19:30. Free admission.
Another famous fountain of Rome, a tourist attraction. Its height is 26 m, its width is 50 m. It is located on the square of the same name north of the Coliseum. It was erected in the Baroque architectural style in the middle of the 18th century. The author of the project is Nicolo Salvi. It is in him, according to tradition, you need to throw a coin in order to return again to Rome. This fountain was “shot” in many famous
138 exquisite Baroque steps leading from Spanish Square to the top of Pincho Hill are the original attraction of the city. It is considered the most beautiful staircase in Europe. The order for the construction was given by Cardinal Mazarin. Thousands of workers worked on the project for more than 2 years. Since ancient times, it is customary to decorate a staircase with flowers. This is a favorite place for dates and walks. Just around the corner, world-famous brands – Dior, Prada, Dolce & Gabbana – marked their fashion houses. In May, the staircase is decorated with fresh flowers and it becomes even more beautiful. The Spanish Steps are included in the route of many Roman photo walks.
What I love Europe for is that on almost any stone, any lawn, you can sit down and relax after long walks around the city. The Spanish Steps are no exception. In the warm season, it is always full of tourists. Therefore, do not waste time and take a place in the shade. No, wait! Before taking your seat, walk literally 50 meters to Via della Croce and drop by the Pompi Coffee House, the kingdom of tiramisu, with more than 50 years of history.
Choose one of four types of tiramisu (classic, strawberry, pistachio, wild berries at the price of 4 euros per serving) and now go with this magic box to the Spanish Steps. And relax while enjoying the taste of the most popular Italian dessert.
This is the “temple of all gods”, founded back in the II century. It stands in the IX district of the capital. It is another grandiose ancient structure. In fact, it is a large rotunda (cylindrical building) with a dome reaching a diameter of 45 m. The Pantheon itself is 42 m high. There are no windows here, the perimeter was previously decorated with statues of gods. Today, instead of them – sculptures of famous Italian masters. Many famous personalities are buried in the Pantheon – the painter Rafael, the sculptor Michelangelo Buanarroti, the second king of Italy, Umberto I. The main entrance is decorated with 16 granite columns. By the way, a wedding ceremony can be held on the territory, many consider it very romantic. Entrance to the temple is free. Hours to visit: every day from 9:00 to 19:00.
Piazza Venezia and Vittoriano
Look for Venice Square in the center of Rome, at the foot of Capitol Hill. The Embassy of the Republic of Venice used to be here. And today people come here to see the magnificent Vittoriano monument, built in honor of the first king of Italy. It traces the elements of ancient Roman architecture and classical style. In the center of the monument is the equestrian statue of the king. It is generously decorated with columns, bas-reliefs, other patterns. It looks pompous. Locals often call the monument “Wedding Cake”, and this is by no means a compliment. Be that as it may, Vittoriano is rightfully included in the list of “Interesting Sights of Rome”.
Read also “The best viewing platforms of Rome”
What to see in Rome in 3-4 days
We pass to the Best 20 sights of Rome.
Castle of the Holy Angel (Castel Sant’Angelo)
Another name is the Adrian Mausoleum. This is an ancient Roman architectural monument on the banks of the Tiber River, made of expensive marble. The castle was the last refuge for the Roman emperors, a dungeon, a fort, the residence of clergymen. Today it is a treasury and a beautiful museum. Here you can explore the room with jewelry, rare books and documents in the Secret Archive, the apartments of Pope Alexander VI – more than 50 rooms in total. You are expected daily from 9:00 to 18:30. Prepare for an entry ticket from € 14. Buy a ticket online and you can skip the line.
Basilica of San Giovanni
Rome in 3 days is a mandatory visit to the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist or otherwise – the basilica of San Giovanni. The height of the structure is 140 m. Built in the Baroque style and neoclassicism. The apse of the temple contains amazing mosaics from the time of Emperor Constantine. Under the vault is the papal chair. There is a throne decorated with precious stones, frescoes, sculptures. Inside the basilica there are several chapels. They are luxurious and original in their own way. The cathedral is open for visits daily from 7:00 to 18:30.
Santa Maria Maggiore
This is one of the four main Roman basilicas, a temple of the highest rank, and another answer to the question “What to visit in Rome in 3 days.” The construction was carried out for many years and was completed only in 1750. Here, Bernini found eternal peace, Pope Pius V, Napoleon Bonaparte’s sister Pauline and many more eminent personalities. To say that the interior of the basilica is luxurious is to say nothing. The walls are decorated with magnificent works of art, many precious stones and floor ornaments of the 13th century. A museum is open under the temple, including 8 halls. In it you can learn about the history of Santa Maria Maggiore. His work schedule: daily from 9:30 to 18:30. The basilica itself is open from 7:00 to 19:00. Admission is free everywhere.
One of the seven hills of Rome. Its height is 46 m. It stands near the southern bank of the Tiber River. Previously, there were meetings of the Senate, there were palaces of the rich Romans, pagan temples. Come here and take a detailed look at the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, Egyptian lions, the famous Cordonate staircase and several museums. It also offers a picturesque view. You can get to Capitoline Hill by metro (line B, station – Colosseo), bus routes No. 30, 51, 118, 160, 170 (stop – Ara Coeli-Piazza Venezia), tram number 8 (exit – stops Venezia).
The most visited and oldest museum complexes of the capital. Occupy 3 large palaces located on the Capitol. This is the Senatorial Palace, the Palace of Conservatives and the New Palace. Between them is a picturesque square. In the last museum you can see the main symbol of the city – the bronze statue of the She-Wolf, which nurtured Romulus and Remus. In addition to her – the originals of paintings by Caravaggio, Rubens and Titian. Admission is € 15. Schedule: 9: 30-19: 30. There are always many who want to visit the museum. You can buy an online ticket here.
Mouth of truth (Bocca della Verità)
If you have a trip to Rome for 3 days, include in your itinerary the Mouth of Truth. This place became popular after the movie “Roman Vacations.” This is a marble slab depicting the ancient Greek god Triton. Its diameter is 1 m 75 cm. In the Middle Ages it was used as a lie detector. He had to put his hand on his mouth ajar, and if a person tells a lie, Triton would bite her off. You can see a truly original attraction in Rome in the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin (the left bank of the Tiber). Entrance to the temple is free. You can come every day, from 9:30 to 17:30.
What to see in Rome? Of course, the Trastevere district! Geographically, it is located on the right bank of the Tiber. Here you can see typical Italy – narrow long streets, a large number of temples and cafes, smiling happy locals. Take a look at the Basilica of San Crizogonoi Santa Maria in Trastevere Temple (admission is free), then go to the Museum of Rome and the Botanical Garden, finally dine in the cozy restaurant with impeccable home cooking. I advise you to highlight all day on Trastevere. From Venice Square there is tram number 8 (exit – Belli stop).
The main public road of ancient Rome. The first name is Queen of the Roads. It was laid in 312 BC to provide transport links between Rome and Egypt, Asia Minor and Greece. The total length is –540 km. It is known that more than 6 thousand prisoners were crucified here after the suppression of the uprising led by Spartak. Along the road are tombs, catacombs, towers, a lot of museums. Entrance to them is paid and ranges from 4 to € 8. One of the sites is divided into a picturesque park complex. It is open every day from 9:00 to 17:00. Ticket – € 7.From the Coliseum can be reached on foot. A bus number 118 runs along the Appieva road.
Catacombs of Rome
A network of antique catacombs (labyrinths) under the Appian Way. Their length is more than 150 km. On this territory there are more than 750 thousand burials. Many walls of the labyrinths are decorated with frescoes and mosaics. In the Roman catacombs found many ancient inscriptions, which were placed in 10 volumes. 6 mazes are open for visiting (9: 00-17: 00), which you can enter as part of an excursion group. For a ticket – € 10. There is no electricity in the other tunnels.
What to see in Rome in 4 days or more
If you are lucky to explore Rome in 4 days, the list of colorful places is expanding. Here are some architectural monuments that I recommend to include in your independent route.
This is the last of the imperial Roman forums. Built on the orders of Emperor Trajan, named after him. There was a market, temples, agricultural buildings. Today, out of all this splendor, almost nothing remains, but it’s worth to come to Via dei Fori Imperiali. The convoy of Trajan was preserved in good condition. There is also a museum. Entrance to it will cost you € 16. Schedule: 9: 30-17: 30. The room is divided into 6 sectors. All of them are dedicated to the history and development of Ancient Rome. The museum collection consists of artifacts, interior items, and coins.
The Baths of Caracalla
The sights of Rome (Italy) are also the terms of Caracalla, founded in 217 BC. Located 1.5 km northwest of the Coliseum. The building order was given by the emperor, in whose honor the place was named. In the V century, the terms were considered a “Wonder of the World”. The complex of public baths occupied more than 11 hectares. A picturesque cypress avenue led to them. The complex was built of expensive marble, mosaic floors, and animal paintings on the walls. The territory was surrounded by gardens in which the rich Romans rested after bathing and socialized. All this is known from large-scale excavations that were carried out here. Today, temporary exhibitions, festivals, concerts are organized here, tours are held. You can get into the baths of Caracalla from 9:00 to 17:00. For admission, pay € 8.
Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura)
Another name is the Basilica of St. Paul. It is considered one of the four main basilicas of the Eternal City. Located in the south of Rome. The grand opening of the cathedral took place in 1823. Here lie the relics of St. Paul, whom millions of pilgrims come from all over the world to bow to. The building itself was built in the early Christian architectural style. Inside – 5 spacious rooms. The largest in area is the central one, divided by 80 high columns of granite. The gallery of the basilica also attracts attention. In it you can see 236 portraits of Roman pontiffs. Admission is free from 7:00 to 18:30.
Landscape Park, in the English manner, look at: Piazzale Napoleone I, 00197 Roma RM. Just an amazing place for a walk or photo shoot! In the center of the villa there is a gallery of the same name, you also need to look into it. The park complex itself is 6 km in circumference. It is simply impossible to get around it in one day: there are a lot of trees, flowers, fountains, there is a lake. There are enough entertainments: rent of horses, bicycles, segways is provided, attractions and a mini-zoo work.
The gallery consists of 75 rooms. You are expected from Tuesday to Sunday, from 9:00 to 19:00. You will spend several hours with interest surrounded by the priceless works of Rubens, Titian and Raphael. Mosaics of Rome dating from the 1st – 3rd century are also noteworthy. All this is on the second floor. The first floor of the building is reserved for sculptures. Basically, the collection is built on Bernini’s masterpieces. Come here for sure! For admission, pay from € 13. You need to purchase a ticket and book a visit time in advance. Option 1: on the official website . Option 2: through tiqets.com convenient service . In the second case, the visit time must be selected immediately upon purchase.
Villa Medici is located a bit off the Borghese Gardens. Geographically stands on the hill of Pincho. The building was built in the XVI century in the architectural style of mannerism. Inside are many halls painted with frescoes. On the walls of the lobby are scenes from Aesop’s fables. On the second floor is a sculpture museum. Among the exhibits are the world famous “David” and “Athena Pallas”. After exploring the museum, you can enjoy a walk in the garden. The attraction is open from Tuesday to Sunday, from 10:00 to 18:30. Entrance ticket – € 12.
Republic Square and Via Nazionale
In the historical center of Rome, in Republic Square and Via Nazionale, you can spend a chic shopping experience. Basically, there are shops with affordable leather and knitwear and accessories. There are also boutiques of famous brands – Elena Miro, MaxMara, Sisle.
Aventine hill, rose garden and orange garden
Rome, what to see in a week? If the Eternal City could speak, he would advise you to one of the Roman hills on the left bank of the Tiber. In republican times, the poorest part of the population lived on it, later it drew attention and know to the picturesque area. The hill is really very beautiful, it was sung by musicians and poets. This is what you need to see in Rome yourself. You can get to it by bus No. 715, exit at the Terme Deciane-Santa Prisca stop or metro (station – Piramide).
Here is an orange garden. Its official name is Savello Park. Opening date – 1932. It grows a large number of wild varieties of orange trees. Trying the fruits is undesirable. In addition to them, in the garden you can see the oleanders. And be sure to go to the terrace, which offers excellent views of the Vatican and the Tiber.
Another place on Avetino Hill, which is a must-see, is the rose garden. It is simply impossible to describe it! There are no such magnificent roses anywhere in the world! The rosary was created by the local countess Mary Gailay Senny in the middle of the 20th century. In shape, it resembles an amphitheater. In a relatively small area, 1,100 species of the “flower queen” grow. Come any day from 8:00 to 19:30.
How to get to Aventina: in my opinion, the most convenient way is the metro. You need to get to the station Circo Massimo, walk past the rosary (or better, do not go past, but look here for at least half an hour and inhale the aroma of blooming roses), and then enter the gate leading to the Savelo park. You can also get on bus number 715, or by ordering a taxi. In any case, it is better to stock up on a map or a navigator, because finding the entrance the first time is not so easy! And I advise you to bring along a slice of delicious Italian pizza and have a small picnic. Do not forget your water bottle, you can fill it in the Orange Garden, from drinking fountains, which are another symbol of Rome.
Piazza of Knights of Malta and The Aventine Keyhole
This is the oldest chivalrous religious order, enclave. It was founded in the 11th century. Many call it the “dwarf state.” The order has its own currency, passports, constitution. The population is about 13,500 people. The economy is based on donations, real estate in Austria and Italy, the sale of rare postage stamps and coins. The average annual budget is 20 million euros. The Order occupies several streets in Rome. Center – Piazza Cavalieri di Malta. Here is the famous keyhole. In fact, it’s just a hole in the gate through which you can see with one eye three states – the Order of Malta, Italy and the Cathedral of St. Petra. The latter, as we know, is in the power of the Vatican. There are always many who want to look inside. An attraction for an amateur, something substantial in this hole cannot be seen. But why not make memorable photos?
The area located in the southwestern part of the city is 3 km². The population is 45 thousand people. Garbatella starts immediately after the Basilica of San Paolo Fuori le Mura. You will immediately be struck by the Ponte Ostiense bridge, reminiscent of a giant sea wave. The Piazza Michele da Carbonara and Damiano Sauli, the titular church of San Francesco Saverio are also interesting here. All the narrow streets in the area are generously painted with graffiti. Dine at one of the eateries, which serve unmatched simple Italian dishes.
Tivoli and Villa d’Este
If you are interested in what to see near Rome, this attraction is for you. Tivoli is a town 24 km northeast of Rome. It houses the beautiful villa d’Este. The castle once belonged to Cardinal Hippolytus d’Este. The final construction of the complex was completed at the beginning of the XVII century. In the villa, look at the apartments of the Cardinal, in which stucco and frescoes are still in good condition. Noteworthy is the local garden, on the architecture of which all that great Bernini worked. In the garden there are several huge statues, among which Hercules stands out. He, according to tradition, was the ancestor of the d’Este family. But the main treasure of the villa is its fountains. There are more than 500 of them here. The fountain of Neptune, Dragon, Organ and Rometta (“little Rome”) is only a small part of what you need to see with your own eyes. You can get to the villa from Rome by train or bus. The transport connection between the cities is excellent, and the road will not take much time.
The American writer Elizabeth Gilbert once said: “In old age, I would like to become like Rome: no matter what happens, this city never changes.” Attractions – the soul and heart of the city. This is a connection between the past, present and future, which is impossible to break. I hope my guide to the main monuments of the city’s architecture is useful to you. Have a good travel!